5.The nurse is performing a cardiac assessment on the older adult patient and notices an irregular rhythm when listening to the apical pulse. The nurse knows that this is often due to what cause in the elderly patient?a.Loss of cells in the sinoatrial (SA) nodesb.Increased peripheral resistancec.Hypertensiond.AtherosclerosisANS: ALoss of cells in the SA nodes via age-related changes are the most common cause of dysrhythmias in the older adult. This nurse should, however, document these findings and report the findings to the primary care provider.
DIF:Cognitive Level: ApplicationREF:375OBJ:2 (clinical)TOP:Dysrhythmia in the Older AdultKEY:Nursing Process Step: AssessmentMSC:NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation6.The nurse warns a group of college students that atherosclerotic plaque begins to occur after the age of:
DIF:Cognitive Level: ComprehensionREF:375OBJ:2 (theory)TOP:PlaqueKEY:Nursing Process Step: ImplementationMSC:NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation7.The nurse is outlining a teaching program for diabetic patients. Which teaching point will the nurse stress when educating this population about strategies to prevent heart disease?