Of the user to keep said photo or information within

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of the user to keep said photo or information within the confines of his or her private space. We must now determine the extent that the images in question were visible to other Facebook users and whether the disclosure was confidential in nature. In other words, did the minors limit the disclosure of the photos such that the images were kept within their zones of privacy? This determination is necessary in resolving the issue of whether the minors carved out a zone of privacy when the photos were uploaded to Facebook so that the images will be protected against unauthorized access and disclosure. It is well to note that not one of petitioners disputed Escudero’s sworn account that her students, who are the minors’ Facebook "friends," showed her the photos using their own Facebook accounts. This only goes to show that no special means to be able to viewthe allegedly private posts were ever resorted to by Escudero’s students, and that it is reasonable to assume, therefore, that the photos were, in reality, viewable either by (1) their Facebook friends, or (2) by the public at large. Considering that the default setting for Facebook posts is " Public," it can be surmised that the photographs in question were viewable to everyone on Facebook, absent any proof that petitioners’ children positively limited the disclosure of the photograph. If such were the case, they cannot invoke the protection attached to the right to informational privacy. The ensuing pronouncement in US v. Gines-Perez is most instructive: [A] person who places a photograph on the Internet precisely intends to forsake and renounce all privacy rights to such imagery, particularly under circumstances such as here, where the Defendant did not employ protective measures or devices that would have controlled access to the Web page or the photograph itself. That the photos are viewable by " friends only" does not necessarily bolster the petitioners’ contention. In this regard, the cyber community is agreed that the digital images under this setting still remain to be outside the confines of the zones of privacy in view of the following: (1) Facebook "allows the world to be more open and connected by giving its users the tools to interact and share in any conceivable way;" (2) A good number of Facebook users "befriend" other users who are total strangers;48 (3) The sheer number of "Friends" one user has, usually by the hundreds; and (4) A user’s Facebook friend can "share" the former’s post, or "tag" others who are not Facebook friends with the former, despite its being visible only to his or her own Facebook friends. It is well to emphasize at this point that setting a post’s or profile detail’s privacy to "Friends" is no assurance that it can no longer be viewed by another user who is not Facebook friends with the source of the content. The user’s own Facebook friend can share said content or tag his or her own Facebook friend thereto, regardless of whether the user tagged by the latter is Facebook friends or not with the former. Also, when the post is shared or
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