The zero discharge of hazardous chemicals initiative

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Alliance. The zero discharge of hazardous chemicals initiative (2011) compels the footwear and apparel industries to work with their suppliers and contract factories to eliminate all releases of toxic substances and hazardous chemicals into global water sources. Legislation and reform in the area of sustainability have changed the outlooks, manufacturing and industry environments and evaluation methods and tools for assessment are used to quantify the sustainability parameters (Ceres 2011 ). 4.1 Tools for the Assessment of Environmental Impacts The SAC quanti fi es product lifecycle impacts in a standardized way with the help of the product category rule guidance document. The product category rule guidance document consists of 80 90 methodological questions, which are common across all categories of products. A review process was carried out to ensure that the document is in line with the current best practices and is devoid of duplication and potential errors. The SAC has created three PCRs based on the review and reports: one for t-shirts, one for coats and jackets, and one for slacks and shorts (SAC 2013d ). The Outdoor Industry Association Sustainability Working Group is currently collaborating with SAC to develop sustainability indexes for apparel, footwear, and equipment. There are three categories of facility tools that are to be used by facilities, vendors and manufacturers to assess speci fi c facility sites. The facility modules are for Environment/Social-Labor: Apparel/Footwear/Equipment. The brand modules 38 S. Radhakrishnan
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are used to assess apparel or footwear product-speci fi c environmental practices at the brand level. The brand modules are for Environment: Apparel/Footwear and Social- Labor: Apparel/Footwear Beta. The product tools are used to understand the impact of products, which include the MSI and RDM Beta. All these tools are grouped under the Higg Index (Outdoor Industry Association 2014 ). The Outdoor Industry Association s Chemicals Management Working Group has developed the Chemical Management Framework, which is a comprehensive assessment tool to guide companies along the entire apparel and footwear product chain towards better management of chemicals for regulatory compliance to sus- tainable chemistry innovation. The goal of this framework is to eliminate hazardous chemicals in consumer products and their emissions in the workplace and envi- ronment. The Eco Index is one such self-assessment tool, which works towards the same goal jointly developed by the European Outdoor Group and the US Outdoor Industry Association (ISPO 2014 ). Nike Inc s Environmental Apparel Design tool is designed to reduce the envi- ronmental footprint of apparel and footwear products. This tool uses a numeric scoring system based on the data fi led by the manufacturer for each speci fi c cate- gory. The category points are added together and then ranked within a range: good, better, best or needs improvement. About 60 % of the environment impact of the garment is related to materials. The evaluation is in terms of issues including
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