3 in short its protection of people from the

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3. In short it's protection of people from the arbitrary actions of the government agencies like police or security services. 4. key feature of liberal democracy 5. Equality of individuals regardless of wealth & power 6. Requires courts to be independent and impartial in setting up disputes w/o interference of Govt. 7. Courts can interpret law and constitution also it can review laws to determine their validity (Power of Judicial review) Sources of Law Canadian constitution divides the authority to pass laws between Parliament and provincial legislatures, with only a small number of areas in which both have legislative power. Parliament and provincial legislatures can further delegate the law formulation responsibility. for example Parliament - can delegate to Cabinet Provincial government - can delegate to municipal government among individuals, groups, and businesses are primarily of private interest rather than general public interest. Torts Law establishes rules for the remedie available to an injured party as a result of th actions, negligence, or words of another party.
Judicial Review In British system, Parliament is the suprem making authority, and thus the courts cannot review invalidate legislation to decide its validity o desirability. But the Courts can play a role in interpretin vague or ambiguous provisions in laws based on established principles of interpretation. In Canada, Courts have the authority to inv laws or government actions that they consid be in violation of the Constitution. Courts can be called upon (by a governmen individuals, or businesses) to determine wh a piece of legislation passed by Parliament provincial legislature is within the constitut authority of that legislative body. Statutory Laws are those laws which have been passed by an act of parliament or provincial legislature. Not all laws are statutory laws, they are rather based on common law and codified civil law. Public and private law all over Canada EXCEPT Quebec is based on English system of common law. Common Law Began in 12th century, powerful king courts began to use common customs as basis of their decision. The practice of following precedence (Judgments on similar cases in the past) was carried on. Common Law in short is the accumulation of the court judgments in many centuries of cases, first in England then in Canada. Never have been brought together in single document. Judge decides which precedents are most relevant. It is often criticized as that it does not longer reflect the values of the society and common law is outdated. Common law has evolved over time as judges find features in the cases before them that differ from precedent cases. Furthermore the supreme Court of Canada has overturned its own precedent. Most importantly, legislatures have been active in passing laws that in effect, replace the provisions of common law.
Code Civil du Quebec This system of codified civil law traces its origins back to the 6th century. Emperor The Charter of Rights and Freedoms in the Constitution (1982) has greatly

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