Work is challenging the worker gets an ultimate

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work is challenging, the worker gets an ultimate satisfaction from the work itself that serves as a motivator. It is therefore necessary that managers/supervisors assign to their subordinates the work, which, in itself is rich and has a motivational value. Positive strokes must be used as frequently as possible.
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76 6.3.2.7. Psychological Games Psychological games are set of transaction, which has following characteristics: ( a ) Transactions are repetitive ( b ) Transactions tend to make sense on superficial or social level. ( c ) One or more transaction has ulterior value. The set of transactions, which has negative pay offs, prevent people/ organizations becoming winners. Psychological games are played by individuals to fill up time, provoke attention and re-enforce early opinion about self and others to fulfill a sense of destiny. Psychological games are not good as they prevent open, warm and intimate relationship. These must be discouraged. Joneward has suggested the following steps: ( a ) Avoidance of complementary hand. ( b ) Avoidance of victim role ( c ) Avoid putting other people down. ( d ) Avoidance of putting one-self down. ( e ) Practice giving positive strokes in all transactions and avoidance of negative strokes. ( f ) Investing more of life’s time in activities of intimacy. ( g ) Leveling of thinking with others. 6.3.3. BENEFITS OF TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS 1. In this chapter we have studied awareness improvement, ego state, and analysis of transactions, script analysis, life positions, Psychological games and stroking. These are all psychological factors that must be applied intelligently in working environment so that performance of each element is positive and contribute to better understanding. Some of the benefits of TA are given below (a) Development of positive thinking Transaction analysis brings positive feelings in the individual, which has remarkable impact on attitude change Present states Transformation Confusion Clear thinking Defect Victory Fear Courage, achievement Frustration Gratification Loneliness Feeling of togetherness Pessimism Optimism Suppression Friendship
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77 (b) Interpersonal effectiveness Transactional analysis improves: Interpersonal relationship Understanding of ego state Better Communication Problem solving (c) Motivation Transactional analysis is basically applied to improve motivation of employees. When applied, it satisfies the human needs. Enrichment of job is achieved by helping fellow workers thereby achieving intrinsic value. It helps to change management style from theory X to Theory Y whose transformation takes place from parent Child relationship to transaction involving adult adult relationship, from “I am Okay, you are not okay to I am Okay – You are okay life positions.
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