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35 procedure in data collection as a result of the

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3.5 Procedure in data collectionAs a result of the study utilizing unstructured interviews, the researcher did not prepare thequestions prior to conducting the interviews. Bogdan and Biklen (1992:2) state that, eventhough “people conducting qualitative research may develop a focus as they collect data,they do not approach the research with specific questions to answer or hypotheses to test.They … are concerned with understanding behavior from the subjects’ frame of reference.”Only one question, followed by relevant probes was presented to the respondents. Thequestion asked was:What do you think of Development Studies as a school subject?Basically, the interviews were aimed at eliciting individual opinions and perceptions aboutall the facets of the subject (Shongwe 1996:52). Eight Development Studies teachers andone curriculum designer were interviewed. The same question presented to DevelopmentStudies teachers, was presented to the curriculum designer.Nine respondents in total participated in the interviews. All the interviews were recorded ontape in order to preserve the information and to help reduce the researcher’s biases(Borg &Gall 1989:455 & 456). Borg and Gall (1989) state that recording interview data for research,among other things, helps the researcher to reduce an unconscious selection of data favoringhis or her biases. Interview tapes can also be used to validate the data (Shongwe 1996:55).3.6 Data analysisAnalysis entails working with data, organizing them into manageable units, synthesizingthem, searching for patterns, discovering what is important and what should be learnt as wellas deciding what the researcher would tell others (Bogdan & Biklen 1992:153). In qualitativeresearch, data analysis is an ongoing process. In this study some analysis was done duringdata collection and without this analysis, the data collection would have no direction. Thisresearch employed inductive analysis. Shongwe (1996:60) states that if patterns, themes and
17categories develop from the data and are not determined before data collection and analysis,such analysis is inductive. For the purpose of this study, the categories were generated fromthe comments of the interviewed respondents that is the Development Studies teachers andthe curriculum designer. For the purpose of the interviews conducted in English, the datawere first analyzed in that language.This study followed Tesch’s (Poggenpoel 1998:343-344) approach to data analysis. Thisapproach, which entails the following eight steps, was followed with the data collected.The researcher reads through all the transcripts in order to make sense out of them.The researcher jots down ideas as they emerge.The researcher picks one transcript: the most interesting, the shortest or the transcriptat the top of the pile.

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Term
Winter
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
The Land, Qualitative Research, Secondary education, Secondary school, environmental education

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