nine members, the Chief Justice and eight Justices. The President nominates a person for a judgeship spot and the Senate Judiciary Committee votes on the nominated party. The nominated party can only be confirmed if there is a 51 to 100 majority vote through the Senate. “The Constitution gives Congress the authority to establish other federal courts to handle cases that involve federal laws including tax and bankruptcy, lawsuits involving U.S. and state governments or the Constitution, and more.” (USA, gov., 2018). The Supreme Court elect scrutinizes the laws that are passed through Congress and can overthrow any law if it appears unconstitutional and not within the rights of the people.
Executive: The executive branch is in charge of following through and enforcing laws that are passed through Congress. This branch consists of the “President, or Commander in Chief of the United States Armed Forces, who is elected by the people, the Vice-President, the Cabinet, executive departments, independent agencies, and other boards, commissions, and committees” (USA, gov., 2018). The President has the authority to approve and carry out laws that are passed through the legislation branch and appoint cabinet members or displace them. The cabinet members advise the President and give their informed decisions concerning important matters that need to be addressed. “The President serves a four-year term and can be elected no more than two times.” (USA, gov. (2018). The executive branch also consists of the Vice-President who is the presiding officer to the Senate. The Vice-President assumes the responsibility of presidency if something were to happen to the President and proceeds where the President has left off.
2. How these three branches interact: The executive, judicial, and legislative branches have a say so with what each other imposes. What one branch thinks is right can be superseded by the other, pending legitimate justification. Although the branches may not agree with certain procedures, the checks and balances keep everything in order. All three branches have the upmost powers to make change throughout the country, but it is with the support of each other that the Constitutional guidelines are upheld. The executive branch enforces and carries out the laws that are approved by the judicial branch which were created by legislation. The main goal of the branches is to oversee that the American people are being treated fairly and justly, that the laws are not infringing on the rights of the people and that the branches have the best interest of the country and people within. If, for some reason, the branches feel that an unjust is being carried out, they can collaborate together in finding a solution, even if that means to impeach a president.
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- Fall '13
- Government, President of the United States, United States Congress, Federal government of the United States