market crash that occurred in late October 1929. It started on October 24 and continued until October 29, 1929, when share prices on the New York Stock Exchange collapsed.43. Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)- The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was a government corporation administered by the United States Federal Government between 1932 and 1957 that provided financial support to state and local governments and made loans to banks, railroads, mortgage associations, and other businesses44. Black Tuesday- October 19, 1929. Many people sold their shares, prices dropped because there were no buyers, and people lost their fortunes overnight. It was the beginning of the Great Depression.45. Bonus Expeditionary Force aka Bonus Army- In May 1932, Walter Waters, led a band of 100 unemployed veterans on a march beginning in Oregon and ending in Washington, DC. This Bonus Expeditionary Force, or BonusArmy, was demanding an early payment of $1,000 for their services in WW1. The Government had promised to make the payment in 1945. However, the jobless veterans could not wait until them. The number of veterans protesting in Washington DC grew to over 20,000. Shantytowns (shelters made from auto scraps and wood planks) sprang up all over DC46. Hoovervilles- many families lost their homes because they could not pay their mortgages. These people had no choice but to seek alternative forms of shelter. Hoovervilles, named after President Hoover, who was blamed for the problems that led to the depression, sprung up throughoutthe United States.47. Franklin D. Roosevelt- often referred to by his initials FDR, was the thirty-second President of the United States. Elected to four terms in office, he served from 1933 to 1945, and is the only U.S. president to have served more than two terms of office. He was a central figure of the 20th century during a time of worldwide economic crisis and world war.