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4.The nurse is assessing a newly admitted 83-year-old patient and determines that the patient is experiencing polypharmacy. Which statement most accurately illustrates polypharmacy?a.The patient is experiencing multiple illnesses.b.The patient uses one medication for an illness several times per day.c.The patient uses over-the-counter drugs for an illness.d.The patient uses multiple medications simultaneously.ANS: DPolypharmacy usually occurs when a patient has several illnesses and takes medications for each of them, possibly prescribed by different specialists who may be unaware of other treatments the patient is undergoing. The other options are incorrect. Polypharmacy addresses the medications taken, not just the illnesses. Polypharmacy means the patient is taking several different medications, not just one. Polypharmacy can include prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, and herbal products.DIF:COGNITIVE LEVEL: Understanding (Comprehension)REF:p. 42TOP:NURSING PROCESS: AssessmentMSC:NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies5.The nurse is aware that confusion, forgetfulness, and increased risk for falls are common responses in an elderly patient who is taking which type of drug?DIF:COGNITIVE LEVEL: Understanding (Comprehension)REF:p. 45TOP:NURSING PROCESS: ImplementationMSC:NCLEX: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Safety and Infection Control6.For accurate medication administration to pediatric patients, the nurse must take into account which criteria?
DIF:COGNITIVE LEVEL: Understanding (Comprehension)REF:p. 41TOP:NURSING PROCESS: ImplementationMSC:NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance