Actions Who Thomas Hobbes was a philosopher in the 17th century What Thomas

Actions who thomas hobbes was a philosopher in the

This preview shows page 4 - 7 out of 29 pages.

Actions: Who: Thomas Hobbes was a philosopher in the 17th century. What: Thomas Hobbes came up with the social contract theory and also gave his idea of how humans would be in a state of nature without government. When: 1588-1679. How: With the rise of absolutism, philosophers were able to voice their opinion over the idea of the monarch having absolute power. Results: Western Political Philosophy 4
Image of page 4
Although Hobbes’s ideas weren’t popular in the 17th century, his ideas helped establish Western political philosophy with his social contract theory. IV. “Divine Right of Kings” The divine right of kings is the idea that kings derive their authority from God and they’re responsible to God only. Most associated with Louis XIV. Thomas Hobbes was against this. S C A R Subject: Political Divine Right Divine right of kings is the idea that God gives authority to kings and they’re responsible to God alone. Intellectual Thomas Hobbes Thomas Hobbes was completely against this idea. Causes: Absolutism Monarchs held all the power under absolutism, so the thought of divine right accompanied it. Actions: Who: The divine right of kings is seen mostly with Louis XIV, James I, and Charles I. What: The divine right of kings is the idea that king get their authority from God and they’re only responsible to God. When: 16th-17th century. How: Monarchs had all power in their hands under the idea of absolutism, so the idea of divine right came along as well. Results: English Monarchs We mostly see divine right in English kings James I and Charles I. Their divine right ideals spread, allowing other monarchs to catch on. Development of French Absolutism V. Three Estates 5
Image of page 5
French feudal society was divided into Three Estates made of various classes with no chance to improve status. First Estate: clergy Second Estate: nobility Third Estate: bourgeoisie (middle class, artisans, urban workers, peasants) Under Henry IV, hierarchy of social orders based on rank and privilege was restored. S C A R Subject: Social Estates The First Estate was the clergy. The Second Estate was the nobility. The Third Estate was the bourgeoisie, or everyone else. Henry IV Henry IV restored the hierarchy based on rank and privilege once he took over France. Causes: Feudal System The feudal system in France divided the classes into Three Estate, putting most of the population under the third. Actions: Who: The Estate consisted of the clergy, nobility, middle class, artisans, workers, and peasants. What: The Three Estates were a product of the French feudal society which were made up of various classes. When: 17th century. How: Because of the feudal system in France, classes were divided into these estates, most being put under the third.
Image of page 6
Image of page 7

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 29 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture