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Nutrients the elements necessary for the normal

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Nutrients the elements necessary for the normal function of numerous body processes. Includes carbs, proteins, fats, waters, vitamins, and minerals. Nutrient density The proportion of essential nutrients to the number of kilocalories Carbohydrates composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; are the main source of energy in the diet Saccharides The way carbs are classified (carbohydrate unit) Simple Carbohydrates Classification of monosaccharides and disaccharides; found primarily in sugars Fiber a polysaccharide that is the structural part of plants that is not broken down by the human digestive enzymes Amino acid the simplest form of a protein; made up of hydrogen, oxygen, carbon and nitrogen.
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Indispensable amino acids Not provided by the body but needs to be provided in the diet Dispensable amino acids The body synthesizes these; examples are alanine, asparagine, and glutamic acid Nitrogen balance achieved when the intake and output of nitrogen are equal Lipids the most calorie-dense nutrient, providing 9kcal/g; composed of triglycerides and fatty acids
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