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HELD:(1) The COMELEC has jurisdiction over cases pertaining to party leadershipand the nomination of party-list representatives. The present disputestemmed from an intra-corporate matter, their submissions even recognizethe COMELEC’s constitutional power to enforce and administer all lawsrelative to the conduct of an election, plebiscite, initiative, referendum, andrecall. More specifically, as one of its constitutional functions, the COMELECis also tasked to "register, after sufficient publication, political parties,organizations, or coalitions which, in addition to other requirements, mustpresent their platform or program of government.” Section 2, Article IX-C ofthe Constitution, "include the ascertainment of the identity of the politicalparty and its legitimate officers responsible for its acts." The Court alsodeclared that the COMELEC’s power to register political parties necessarilyinvolved the determination of the persons who must act on its behalf. Thus,the COMELEC may resolve an intra-party leadership dispute, in a propercase brought before it, as an incident of its power to register political parties. (2) No error because it is indicated clearly in the law that Sec. 9.Qualifications of Party-List Nominees. No person shall be nominated asparty-list representative unless he is a natural-born citizen of the Philippines,a registered voter, a resident of the Philippines for a period of not less thanone (1)year immediately preceding the day of the election, able to read andwrite, a bona fide member of the party or organization which he seeks torepresent for at least ninety (90) days preceding the day of the election, andis at least twenty-five (25) years of age on the day of the election. Pia Derla,who is not even a member of CIBAC, is thus a virtual stranger to the party-list, and clearly not qualified to attest to petitioners as CIBAC nominees, orcertify their nomination to the COMELEC. Petitioners cannot use theirregistration with the SEC as a substitute for the evidentiary requirement toshow that the nominees, including Derla, are bona fide members of the party.Petitioners Planas and Lokin, Jr. have not even presented evidence provingthe affiliation of the so-called Board of Trustees to the CIBAC Sectoral Partythat is registered with COMELEC.
TITLE: Romualdez-Marcos vs. COMELECCITATION: 248 SCRA 300FACTS:Imelda, a little over 8 years old, in or about 1938, established herdomicile in Tacloban, Leyte where she studied and graduated highschool in the Holy Infant Academy from 1938 to 1949. She thenpursued her college degree, education, in St. Paul’s College nowDivine Word University also in Tacloban. Subsequently, she taught inLeyte Chinese School still in Tacloban. She went to manila during1952 to work with her cousin, the late speaker Daniel Romualdez inhis office in the House of Representatives. In 1954, she married latePresident Ferdinand Marcos when he was still a Congressman ofIlocos Norte and was registered there as a voter. When Pres. Marcos