2 cite one countermeasure why does this

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2. Cite one countermeasure. Why does this countermeasure work? Not work? Be specific and supply substantiation for your stance.
Questions are broken down into either control questions or relevant questions. The relevant questions asked are directly correlated to what the examiner is trying to find out or detect. The control questions
such as “Is your name David?” are there simply to maintain a base or standard physiological reaction. This is important because an examiner asks control questions in between relevant questions hoping to see a reaction during the relevant questions. When a tested individual bites his or her tongue during the control question, they enhance their physiological reaction making it difficult to differentiate reactions in either question. In theory, this countermeasure works because pain creates a similar physiological reaction as lying does so the examiner would not be able to tell the difference. This countermeasure also has its downfalls. In many cases, especially when lying, the tested individual would not be able to provide enough force without really hurting themselves to enhance a reaction that mimics a lie. Also, a trained polygraph examiner will be able to tell if someone is biting their tongue and be able to put a stop to it. In essence, an examiner could use that physical act as a basis for them trying to lie without getting caught (Honts, 1994). Honts, C. R. (1994). Mental and Physical Countermeasures Reduce the Accuracy of Polygraph Tests. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(2), 252-259. Retrieved from 002I-9010/94 3. What is the term "Bogus Pipeline"? What is it and is it real? State you’re supporting details.

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