C control lines of communication related to

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c. Control lines of communication Related to controlling information is controlling the lines of communication, particularly access to key people. Administrative assistants and staff assistants frequently control an executive calendar.
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d. Do what the political environment demands A high-level political strategy is to do whatever the political environment demands to attain your goals. In this way you gain the support of decision makers. e. Bring in outside experts To help legitimate their positions, executives will often hire a consultant to conduct a study or cast an opinion. Consciously or unconsciously, many consultants are hesitant to "bite the hand that feeds them." A consultant will therefore often support the executive's position. In turn, the executive will use the consultant's findings to prove that he or she is right. This tactic might be considered ethical because the executive believes he or she is obtaining an objective opinion. f. Make a quick showing A display of dramatic results can help gain acceptance for one's efforts or those of the group. Once a person has impressed management with his or her ability to solve that first problem, that person can look forward to working on problems that will bring greater power. g. Remember that everyone expects to be paid back If you do not find some way to reimburse people for the good deeds they have done for you, your supply of people to perform good deeds will run short. As a way of paying back the person who supported your initiative, you might mention publicly how the person in question provided you with expert advice on the technical aspects of your proposal. h. Be politically correct Political correctness involves being careful not to offend or slight anyone, and being extra civil and respectful. The politically correct person therefore avoids creating some enemies. i. Be the first to accept reasonable changes A natural inclination for most people is to resist change, so the person who steps forward first to accept reasonable changes will acquire some political capital. 2. Strategies and Tactics Aimed at Building Relationships Much of organizational politics involves building positive relationships with network members who can be helpful now or later. The following are several representative strategies and tactics: a. Display Loyalty A loyal worker is valued because organizations prosper more with loyal than with disloyal employees. b. Manage Your Impression Impression management deals with deeper aspects of behavior, such as speaking well and presenting one's ideas coherently. Bad speech habits are recognized as a deterrent to advancement in organization. Another part of impression management is telling
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people about your success or implying that you are an "insider." Displaying good business etiquette has received renewed attention as a key part of impression management, with companies sending staff members to etiquette classes to learn how to create favorable impressions on key people c.
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