Republican leader, Thaddeus Stevens. He objected to both Lincoln and Johnson’s plans for reconstruction. Everyone had their opinion of how to go about reconstruction, which is another reason why it was hard to bring people together. Republicans tried to make Reconstruction more secure by passing the Fifteenth Amendment, which forbid a state from denying the right to vote on grounds of race. In 1873, banks collapsed, the stock market crashed, businesses laid off workers, leading to 15% unemployment and would be known as the 1873 Depression. The economic downfall corrupted the public opinion of republicans and their policies. Southern democrats regained control of Southern state Governments in 1874. The national elections returned control of the House and Senate to Democrats, leading to the end of Radical Reconstruction. All of the work done by former presidents to reform the south had made some progress, but not to the extent they wish it would have. In 1875, Civil Rights Act demonstrated to be the last reform passed by congress. It recognized the equality of all men before the law regardless of “nativity, race, color, or persuasion, religious, or political affiliation. It also stated that segregation was not allowed. As Reconstruction ended, blacks sought to leave the south, but laws stopped blacks from migrating north or west. The social development was hindered by the failure of the parties coming together to reconstruct the United States. The south wanted to keep the old ways because they profited off slaves and free labor, but the republicans ended slavery. The north continued to advance pass the south because the unity of blacks and whites. The north provided the blacks jobs in factories during industrialization. The political parties couldn’t come together and carry out the complete plans for reconstruction. Without reconstruction, the south somewhat regained some power and white wanted “supremacy”. Whites didn’t seem themselves equal to blacks or any other race. Thus, the inequality struck conflict within the states and created civil wars.
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