Rhetoric of shared suffering belief that theres is a

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Rhetoric of shared suffering Belief that theres is a shared sense of grief or suffering that bonds a nation Spiritual principle is found in shared suffering--renan National identity as a “daily plebiscite” Renan’s idea for the only way to legitimately have a nation Must poll citizens daily on what nation they want to belong to Consent is crucial for a legitimate nation Wilhelm Marr “Anti-Semitism” Expressed fear that germany was soon to be completely overrun by jews, that they would make it into the “New Palestine”--intent was for one in the west by jews Portrayed them as not just as aliens but as model minority Now a race as well as religion threat transitioned to manifestation of violence against jews the acts are not random, there is precedence behind them. they are
traditions sanctioned by the state Houston Chamberlain an English author of books on political philosophy, natural science, known as 'racialist' writer - His fear of Jews was ws for their piety, yet criticize their intelligence- ""the faith broad, narrow the thought."" Chamberlain admired racial purity, and therefore feared miscegenation; more specifically, the tainting of Indo-European blood.more nuanced than Marr's. “Pseudo-Hebraic mestizos” Term what Chamberlain mentioned which11 means nations would lose national identity and become assimilated into Jewish society Zionism and the Specter of Nationalism The Dreyfus Affair 1894 French military court accused Jewish army officer in French army for spying for Germany the loyalty of all jews as members of the French motherland what role did Jews have in new modern nation are they to be trusted? Dreyfus eventually acquitted but trial exposed all the racial fault lines in europe Jewish assimilation in European society Disillusioned with possibility of true assimilation for Jews completely bought into this idea like many others the trial and actions on the streets convinced them it was too ingrained in European society Napoleonic emancipation decrees Enforced equality and inclusion Did not stop and (arguably inflamed) Anti-semitic sentiments on the social level although it was carried out on the state level Widespread backlash against the emancipation of jews Led to a resurgence of anti-semitism Russian Pogroms of 1880s Eastern Europe, Jews had less protection and inhibition---much worse there Resulted in largest exodus in Jewish history over 10,000 jews executed in these pogroms millions of jews chose to free from their homes went to north and south america and France and Germany especially evacuated from Russia Theodor Herzl Jewish-Austrian journalist stationed in Paris from 1891-95 reported this trial witnessed the extensive anti semitism in the streets
average french person screaming chants “Death to all Jews” by normal looking french citizens Disillusioned with possibility of true assimilation for Jews completely bought into this idea like many others the trial and actions on the streets convinced them it was too ingrained in European society Der Judenstaat

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