Tsh is released into the bloodstream and therefore is

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Nutrition Therapy and Pathophysiology
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Chapter 25 / Exercise 8
Nutrition Therapy and Pathophysiology
Nelms/Sucher
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1. TSH is released into the bloodstream and therefore is delivered to all cells of the body. However, cells of the Thyroid gland are the only cells that respond to TSH. What determines which cells of the body will respond to a specific hormone such as TSH? 2. Cells of what gland have receptors for TRH? 3. What type of physiological change(s) would stimulate the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis? 4. How would removal of the thyroid gland affect levels of TRH, TSH, and TH? Draw out the H-P-T axis to illustrate changes in hormone levels. Apply your knowledge
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Nutrition Therapy and Pathophysiology
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 25 / Exercise 8
Nutrition Therapy and Pathophysiology
Nelms/Sucher
Expert Verified
Thyroid Hormone Pathlogies Hyposecretion of thyroid hormone: Hypothyroidism. This could be due to hypothalamus disorder (hyposecretion of TRH), anterior pituitary disorder(hyposecretion of TSH), or thyroid gland disorder(hyposecretion of thyroid hormone), surgical removal of thyroid gland or iodine deficiency. 17-36
-Diseases: 1, Hashimoto thyroiditis most common in women). Autoimmune, antibody destruction of thyroid. 2, Goiter: Enlargement of thyroid gland secondary to loss of iodine and colloid filled thyroglobulin. Regions with low iodine and increased prevalence of goiter is known as endemic goiter. 17-37
Symptoms: Bradycardia, cold intolerance, decrease bmr, weight gain, clammy skin. Myxedema- full blown hypothyroid syndrome. Symptoms: low bmr, cold intolerance, constipation, thick dry skin, edema, puffy eyes, lethargy, and mental sluggishness. Treatment: Synthroid or synthetic thyroid hormone. Iodine for iodine deficiency. 17-38
Thyroid Hormone Pathology Hypersecretion of thyroid hormone :Hyperthyroidism Disease: Grave’s disease Etiology: Antibody overstimulation of thyroid gland. Symptoms: weight loss, high bmr, heat intolerance, restlessness, exophthalmos, dry skin, nervousness, irregular heartbeat. Treatment: surgical removal of thyroid gland or radioactive iodine( 131 I). 17-39
Hypothyroidism: conditions with ____TH What symptoms would be associated with hypothyroidism?
How could this disease be treated?
What causes enlargement of thyroid gland? 3. ___________________________: hypothyroidism in infants due to dietary iodine deficiency. Causes neurological defects, short stature, and disproportional body size. How can this condition be treated?

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