Correct: When theyenter the building, theyshould turn left and go up the stairs.Wrong: If a personstudies regularly,theyshould have no difficulty passing the class.E.Shift from direct to indirect discourseWrong: My mother asked was I ever going to get a job.Correct: My mother asked whether I was ever going to get a job.F.Shift from adjective to nounWrong: He was clear, concise, and an interesting speaker.Correct: The speaker was clear, concise, and interesting.G.Shift from noun to clauseWrong: A good waiter must have sharp eyes, a quick mind,and his senseof balance must be exceptional.Correct: A good waiter must have sharp eyes, a quick mind, and an exceptional sense of balance.H.Shift from gerund phrase to clauseWrong: Using the walkwaysis easier than when you walk across thecampus.Correct: Using the walkways is easier than walking across the campus.I.Shift from infinitive phrase to clauseWrong: He told her to fill out the form and that she should leave it in theoffice.Correct: He told her to fill out the form and leave it in the office.II. Mixed ConstructionsDefinition: A sentence is of mixed construction if it begins with one grammatical pattern and then abruptly shifts to another.
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Wrong: Because she studies every day explains why she gets good grades.Mistake: The sentence begins with a dependent clause which should be followed by an independent clause; instead, the dependent clause is mistakenly used as a subject.
Rhonda Anderson, Department of English, Mixed Constructions, Shifted Constructions
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