This leads to a different issue of gender topics

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Developing Helping Skills: A Step-by-Step Approach to Competency
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Developing Helping Skills: A Step-by-Step Approach to Competency
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or femininity. This leads to a different issue of gender topics androgyny. Androgyny Some people seem to have a greater degree of both masculine and feminine traits in their personality and behavior, a phenomenon com- monly referred to as androgyny. Androgyny, to some degree, may also involve a person's appearance. In psychological terms an androgy- nous person is a female or male who has a high degree of both femi- nine and masculine traits. Feminine traits are considered expressive and male traits are instrumental. A feminine individual may rate high on expressive traits and low on instrumental ones. A masculine indi- vidual is high on instrumental traits and low on expressive ones. The category of an undifferentiated person is low on both expressive and instrumental traits (Bern, 1974). 309 In individuals who are considered androgynous, the degree of feeling both male and female components is not great enough to lead them to change their gender identity or body. Some well-known musicians who have presented themselves as androgynous are David Bowie, Michael Jackson, and Annie Lennox. Actress Tilda Swinton is one of a number of celebrities who present themselves as androgynous. In the view of an expert on this issue, Dr. Sandra Bern (1993), being androgynous is a good thing and may mean that you are psychologically healthy and creative. She believes that androgynous men and women seem to be both more flexible and mentally healthier than individuals who are either more strictly masculine or feminine. Read "Know Yourself: Do You Display Characteristics Commonly Attributed to Men or to Women?" to see if your own personality is more or less androgynous. In close relationships, a feminine or androgynous gender role may be more desirable because of the expressive nature of close relationships. A masculine or androgynous gen- der role may be more desirable, however, in work settings because of their demands for action and assertiveness (Choi, 2004). Skeptics argue that androgyny is a culture-bound issue, meaning it is relative to the historical period and society in which one grows up. For example, consider one of the behaviors used to create the Bern Inventory in the 1970s. Women were scored as W H AT ' S O N YO U R M I N D ? Q: I am a heterosexual woman though I am not what people would define as "girlie" or "feminine. " I despise dresses, high heels, and makeup and I am very active in sports. People keep questioning my sexual orientation. How do I address these people who don't believe that I am attracted to men, despite my appearance and hobbies? A: Unfortunately, many people stereotype and begin to q uestion sexual orientation when others do not follow the typical cultural male or female ideals in dress, mannerisms, behavior, and hobbies. Androgyny has been part of human experience for thousands of years and is nothing to be ashamed of. Explain to people that androgyny is different from sexual orientation, and because you are different in your gender identity or expression, it does not mean that your sexual orientation is same-sex oriented. You get to decide who you are
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Developing Helping Skills: A Step-by-Step Approach to Competency
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 05
Developing Helping Skills: A Step-by-Step Approach to Competency
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