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2.How do the Big Five traits predict behavior at work?a.Research has shown relationships between these personality dimensions and job performance.b.Employees who score higher for example in conscientiousness develop higher levels of job knowledge.c.Conscientiousness is as important for managers as for front-line employees see Exhibit 5-1.i.The study found conscientiousness—in the form of persistence, attention to detail, and setting of high standards—was more important than other traits. ii.These results attest to the importance of conscientiousness to organizational success.iii.Conscientious people live longer because they take better care of themselves (they eat better and exercise more) and engage in fewer risky behaviors like smoking, drinking and drugs, and risky sexual or driving behavior.iv.Probably because they’re so organized and structured, conscientious people don’t adapt as well to changing contexts. v.They are generally performance oriented and have more trouble learning complex skills early in the training process because their focus is on performing well rather than on learning. vi.Finally, they are often less creative than less conscientious people, especially artistically.d.Although conscientiousness is the Big Five trait most consistently related to job performance, there are other traits are related to aspects of performance in some situations. 3.All five traits also have other implications for work and for life. Let’s look at these one at a time. Exhibit 5-2 summarizes the discussion.