is any political or social belief that justifies treating people differently according to racial origins. Ethnicityis a combo of racial, cultural, & historical characteristics by which societies divide into hostile political families. Raises question of national identity.oEthical identity evident in Maccabbi Games (Jewish Olympic Games)Sport, racism and ethnicity contribute to a # of racist beliefs about diff peoples ability to play sports well. Sport is implicated into campaigns against racism.oNeeded to have “Race Relations Act” to get rid of racismSport brought change to South Africa during apartheidoAfrican National Congress slogan- “Can’t have normal sport in abnormal society.” Due to apartheid or separatism because of multi-racial/anti-racial sport in S.A.
1968 Mexico Olympic Games Black Power by black American people to protest against their treatment and increase awareness of politics of participation in sports by talented black athletes. o1stclass while running during Olympics and 2ndclass after gamesRace & ethnicity part of imperialism and post-colonialism1990’s “new politics of race and racism”showed conflicting feelings toEurocentric (respect for western culture) discourses and its politicsochallenged whiteness as the “universal norm” and created diff vocab for repping racism, race, border relations of countries Norbert Eliashad prejudice situations that made outsiders which causes probs to life for locals and tension grows. Locals have b/w resources and more respect than new comers. (“intruders, invaders with no entitlements”). Explains conflict situation due to prejudice in racial/ethnic situationsoChallenged “whiteness” as the “universal norm” and created diff vocab for repping racism, race, border relations of countriesCarrington/McDonald Link between theory and policy in case of racial equality is challenge to social change.Politics of race, ethnicity, and sport are changing and have political significance to imperialism religion and post colonialismAnti-globalization are aligned with ethnic movementsGlobalizationGlobalizationtheories focus on spread of sport across globe in economy, culture, and political terms.oArgue that nation state and the national are not as important as global or European/Celtics2 competing concepts of Globalism o1. Community of human citizens for which a group of environmentalists work and speak in terms of global thinking and actingo2. Unregulated free market capital is king or queen and poor struggle due to deregulation, privatization and international corporationsmarkets decision pensions in our old age, people suffering inhealth in Africa will be treated & what forms of sports will be supported/ imposition of football clubs?