C the inflationary demand of debtors farmers and

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c. The inflationary demand of debtors, farmers, and Westerners from silver mining states for the coinage of more silver by the national government was successfully resisted by the hard money Republicans and President Grant in the 1870s. These advocates of the free and unlimited coinage silver created the People’s (Populist) Party in 1892 to promote inflation that would ease their crushing debts. d. The Republican hard money policies of the 1870s exacerbated the deflationary impact of the depression, worsened unemployment, and produced a political backlash by farmers and other debtor groups that led to the election of a Democratic House of Representatives in 1874. e. Correct answer. The political backlash ignited by the Republican hard money policies helped elect a Democratic House of Representatives in 1874 and led disgruntled farmers, miners, and unskilled laborers to form the Greenback Labor party in 1878 to advocate for an inflationary monetary policy. Question 5 a. Democrats and Republicans in the 1870s generally shared the same positions on maintaining relatively high tariffs and making only modest civil service reform to preserve the patronage system. In addition, majorities in both parties mostly agreed on the currency question, resisting inflationary monetary schemes like the free and unlimited coinage of silver. b. Correct answer. Republican voters emphasized strict codes of personal Puritan morality and believed the government should play a role in regulating both the economic and moral matters in society. Democrats, who relied on immigrant Lutherans and Roman Catholics to form their political base, were more inclined to adhere to support permissive social policies, such as supporting the legality of alcohol, which upheld a more tolerant view of human weakness. The religious beliefs of Lutherans and Roman Catholics favored toleration of differences in an imperfect world and motivated these Democrats to oppose government attempts by Republicans to set a universal moral standard on the entire country on issues such as prohibition. c. Lutherans and Roman Catholics formed the allied religious base of the Democratic Party. d. Democrats and Republicans generally supported maintaining a political patronage system that provided jobs to political supporters in exchange for votes, kickbacks, and party service. Neither party championed substantial civil service reform to cleanse government of the spoils system until the passage of the Pendleton Act in 1893. e. Sectional tensions eased during the Gilded Age with the Republican Party’s weakening commitment to racial equality in the 1870s, culminating with the withdrawal of the remaining federal troops from the South and the abandonment of the Republicans’ commitment to racial equality as a result of the Compromise of 1877.
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Question 6 a. Correct answer. The Northern industrial cities, populated by immigrants and dominated by powerful political machines, constituted part of the solid electoral base of the Democratic Party.
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