few laws that actually refer specifically to the act of human trafficking (U.N. Office of the High Commissioner [OHCHR], 2014). The human rights laws that consist of actual criminal reference to human trafficking are as follows; the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of 2
Discrimination against Women and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, though there is an international consensus on the illegality and violation of human rights that is human trafficking it is an international social issue that has yet to find sustainable solutions (OHCHR, 2014). Contextually two highly contributing factors to the epidemic that is human trafficking are economic and culturally based. Vulnerable individuals, such as those living in poverty or residing within a society that view certain genders or races inferiorly create an environment for the exploitation of said individuals. These social conditions leave individuals without the basic needs of every human being, i.e. food, water, shelter etc. It is the suffrage of these social conditions that leave individuals susceptible and even defenseless against those that would exploit their human rights. From a sociological functionalist perspective society is made of up interconnected parts that all work together to create the whole[Sul16]. Each group, each region or faction, is a vital cog in the proverbial wheel that is society and just as any functioning machine if even one of the many pieces are out of sync it can create a ripple effect that will endanger the machine as whole. Looking at human trafficking from the functionalist perspective individuals are the heart of the machine and the economic and cultural factors are some of the cogs, that when out of sync,
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- Fall '14