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ships of merchants by the British. The authorities of Chinese indicated that they were to allow trade to take place for only those goods which are not opium. Lin Zexu also queen victories a letter stating that England had a rejection on the trade of Opium. This letter never reached Queen Victoria but it appeared on Sunday times.The Royal Navy started a blockade in pear bay protesting the free trade’s restrictions of drugs especially Opium. Two ships that belonged to the British was carrying cotton and this was seen to run the blockade. The Royal Navy then fired a shot of warning where the Chinese released a squadron of sunk war and rafts of fire for escorting the merchants. The captain of HMS voyage was willing to Telerate the intimidation of Chinese and thus fired a broadside at the ships of Chinese. The Hyacinth of HMS also joined. Among the ships of the Chinese one of them was seen to explode and three of them sunk. Their fire of return wounded one sailor of the British. After a period of 7 months, 44 ships that belonged to the British applied a lot of force so as to invadecanton. British people also had ships of steam, cannons which were heavy rockets which were Congreve and their equipment had rifles with the capability of a long range of fire. The antiquated warships of China were destroyed swiftly by the royal navy. The ships of British also sailed up the rivers of Zhujiang and Yangtze to occupy Shangai which was on the way and this led to the seizing of collections of tax and this strangled the finances of the government of Qing. The armies of Chinese faced defeat after another defeat and thus European powers won the war.The second opium war was more of revenge against Chinese. The war occurred because of very petty reasons like British not being allowed in the Canton city which raised hostilities. This denial of entrance to canton frustrated British because it hindered them from accessing the city so as to carry out their economic activities. England was more interested in the Opium trade which was the reason as to why the war happened and termed as opium war. The reason as to why England won the war was because its armies had a military advantage in that they were well trained and the weapons which they
used had advanced technology and those used by the soldiers of Chinese could not match them. The Calvary of Chinese had only bows and arrows which could not match those weapons used by the England people during the war. During the war battle, 35 England people died as opposed to 1500 Chinese people. These deaths also weakened the soldiers of Chinese leading to their defeat and England’s winning. England could also pay locals from the missionaries to monitor the tricks of Chinese soldiers so that the England army could determine in advance on how to handle those tricks hence the England army was always prepared for the war and hence the reason for their winning.