Conscientiousness. Refers to a person’s level of self-organization and motivation. People with highconscientiousness are methodical, motivated, and dependable. People with low conscientiousness areless focused, less careful, and less dependable.Neuroticism. Refers to a person’s level of negative thoughts regarding himself or herself. People high inneuroticism are insecure and experience emotional distress and may be perceived as unstable. Peoplelow in neuroticism are more relaxed, have less emotional swings, and are perceived as more stable.Openness. Refers to a person’s willingness to consider new ideas and perspectives. People high inopenness are creative and are perceived as open minded. People low in openness are more rigid and setin their thinking and are perceived as “set in their ways.”Scholarship related to personality serves many purposes, and some of them tie directly to perception.