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a)elite democracy (not common democracy)D.Not just securing religious faith, but also private property1.can control their wealth 2.accumulation of wealth and maintaining itV.Conclusion5. With the Reformation, the new science, the Enlightenment, and the French Revolution, among other tensions, Europe faced a number of crises of authority between 1520 and 1815? What authorities were under attack? How did these change or not change European society? [Explore 3 crises]a.The Churchb.French Monarchyi.Attack after “What is the 3rd Estate?”c.English Monarchyi.get rid of monarchy (overthrown)ii.Glorious Revolution1.1688 invite William and Mary2.James II flees to France3.1689 bill of rightsa.King can’t taxb.No standing armyc.no control of lawd.Catholic Churchi.Protestantism vs. Catholicism1.Protestant just exists2.State churches3.State rulers convert their nations4.Rome’s POV5.A whole country they don’t have control/sway anymoreii.It’s interpretation of the Bible is being fired by other people’s interpretationse.The Biblei.Protestant Interpretation1.Martin Luthera.Regular people should be able to read the Bibleb.they don’t need a priest to tell themc.Should be able to interpret it himself/herself2.The Enlightenment thinkersa.Sciencei.Sun is the center of the universe not the Earthii.God is losing his poweriii.Earth doesn’t move → but it actually doesb.Conservative reform and change3.Philosophersa.Diesti.doesn’t believe in the trinityii.just the personal relationship with God
iii.God → doesn’t control your life, you can change the outcomesiv.Does God play a role in your life, or send miracles?v.God: The divine clockmaker, he made the world1.after he made the world and now steps back to watch everything happen2.watching but not interferingvi.push for certaintyf.Gender Rolesi.Women began to gain more powerii.But there was still a man behind her to assert that powerEssay Prompt 5:I.Introduction of what authorities were under attack/ThesisII.MonarchyA.French Monarchy1.The French Monarchy was under attack by the majority of the people with Abbes Sieyes’ “What is the Third Estate?” The common people wanted more of a say because there is a greater majority than the wealthy. This was an attack towards the monarchy and it demonstrates the growing power of the common people and the pamphlet itself increased tensions between the two classes. B.English Monarchy (1688)1.The English Monarchy was under attack because the people wanted to get rid of the monarchy which was eventually overthrown. The Glorious Revolution in England kicked the king out of power. William and Mary brought in and powered up the parliament and added power in legislative system. Then, in 1689, the Bill of Rights was passed by the Parliament where the King cannot tax and has no control of law. This bill overturned the power of the monarch altogether and it also limited the king's powers in taxing and prohibited the maintenance of a standing army in peacetime.III.Church/BibleA.Catholic Church1.The Catholic Church was under attack against the Protestants and the state.