Queen of the Hawaiian Islands; opposed the annexation of Hawaii to the US; became Queen after King Kalakaua died in 1891; in 1893, she was kicked out of the government; Hawaii was desperately needed as a naval base 54. Yellow journalism: journalism that exploits distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers; popularized in the late nineteenth century by Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst 55. Spanish American War: War fought between the US and Spain in Cuba and the Philippines. It lasted less than 3 months and resulted in Cuba's independence as well as the US annexing Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines 56. USS Maine: Battleship sent by Washington in 1898 to Cuba; sent there for basically a "friendly visit", actually to protect and evacuate Americans if a dangerous occurred; mysteriously blew up on Feb. 15, 1898, in Havana Harbor' Americans thought that the Spanish blew it up while the Spanish claimed the explosion to be accidental 57. De Lome letter: the Spanish minister in Washington, sent a secret letter he wrote describing President McKinley as weak with no mind of his own, angering many Americans when the letter was intercepted and published in American papers. This incident happened in February, as did the explosion of the battleship Maine. Both incidents stirred up war fever in America and increased cries to go to war against Spain. 58. Valeriano “Butcher” Weyler: Spanish General in Cuba who herded many civilians into barbed-wire reconcentration camps so they could not help the insurrectos. 59. Teller Amendment: Addition to the congressional war resolution of April 20, 1898, which marked the U.S. entry into the war with Spain; the amendment declared that the United States' goal in entering the war was to ensure Cuba's independence, not to annex Cuba as a territory. 60. George Dewey: (1837-1917) On April 30, 1898, Commodore, small U.S. naval squadron defeated the Spanish warships in Manila Bay in the Philippines. This quick victory aroused expansionist fever in the United States. 61. Theodore Roosevelt: (1858-1919) As the assistant secretary of the navy, he supported expansionism, American imperialism, and war with Spain. He led the Rough Riders in Cuba during the war of 1898 and used the notoriety of this military campaign for political gain. As President McKinley's vice president, he succeeded McKinley after his assassination. His forceful foreign policy became known as "big stick diplomacy." Domestically, his policies on natural resources helped start the conservation movement.
Unable to win the Republican nomination for president in 1912, he formed his own party of progressive Republicans called the "Bull Moose" party. 62. Rough Riders: The First U.S. Volunteer Cavalry, led in the War of 1898 by Theodore Roosevelt; they were victorious in their only engagement, the Battle of San Juan Hill near Santiago, Cuba, and Roosevelt was celebrated as a national hero, bolstering his political career.
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- Fall '18
- Mrs. Delay
- Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United States