Peak of breadwinner-caregiver model7)1960s Women's Movementa) Birthrate plunged “baby bust”b) Married, on average, 4 years later than beforec) Young people wanted independence wages of one earner- Increasing demand for educated workershas altered the transition to adulthood2)Demographica) First transition:- Decreasing mortality(longer lives) created new life stages, altering relationships, and spurring (with the help ofless infant mortality, and economic and cultural changes in the value of children) . . . - Decreasing fertilityfurther reduced women’s childrearing yearsb) Changed relationships between men and women spurred the second transition:- Increasing cohabitation and divorce- further distance between fathers and children3)Cultural/Psychologicala) Increasing emphasis on affective individualismassociated with rising educational levels and greater numbers of people living above subsistence8)Economic, Demographic, and Cultural/Psychological explanations for change1)Economica) Historically: The shift to the labor market mode of production radically changed familiesb)Contemporarily:- Growth of the service and information sectorshave increased demand for women’s labor throughout the century- Falling wageshave increased the number of households unable to function on to function on the wages of one earnerIncreasing demand for educated workershas altered the transition to adulthood Week 3: Policy1)The Welfare State
2)The New Deala)What is it and who does it help?