100%(13)13 out of 13 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 6 - 9 out of 11 pages.
consequences of alcoholism are apparent." (Thompson, 2015) Some reasons that these problemsare missed during early doctor appointments are that individuals do not tell the truth, or fail to mention any bad habits. Some do not tell because they are embarrassed, or in denial, or even because they do not want it to get back to their families, or workplace. Another reason is becausethe physician does not know how to assess this condition. Doctors need to be more educated in recognizing these symptoms."The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen all adult patients 18 years of age or older for alcohol misuse, as well as provide patients engaged in risky or hazardous drinking with brief behavioral counseling interventions to reduce alcohol misuse" (Thompson, 2015) The clinicians are to use three screening tools; a ten question AUDIT test, a 3 question Audit-consumption test, and a CAGE questionnaire. The AUDIT test is better for uncovering the hazardous drinking and abuse. "The CAGE [needto] cut down [on drinking], annoyance, guilt [about drinking], [need for] eye-opener questionnaire is the best known and most-studied short screening test for alcohol problems." (Thompson, 2015) This test is best done face-to-face with an individual and should be done before the Audit-consumption test.
Addiction PaperDiana KuykendallPsych 305 B057Patients that answer yes to two or more of these questions are possibly more alcohol dependent than the general public. "The diagnosis of alcohol dependence relies more on the consequences of alcohol use and less on the amount of alcohol consumed." (Thompson, 2015)After a acknowledgement of an alcohol problem is made aware, there are a number of steps that an individual needs to take to start treatment. First, as said above, is acknowledging there is a problem. Next would be to decide if they are ready to make these changes for the better. There are five stages of change an individual needs to go through to treat alcoholism. These stages are pre-contemplation; which is where the individual does not have any interest in changing, Contemplation; which is where the individual realizes that alcohol is damaging, Preparation; which is where the individual decides to make plans to change, Action; which is where the individual takes the steps to reduce their alcohol consumption, and the final step of change is Maintenance; which is where the individual makes the efforts to prevent relapse. Individuals must want the change for themselves, not others, to truly prevent relapsing. If a person that is back into a corner and forced to attend a rehabilitation center is most likely to relapse when they are released. The person must want this change in their life. There are a lot of programs an individual can attend to help them maintain this sobriety such as; AA meetings, rehabilitation centers or outreach programs, as well as church groups. "Patients do ot need a strong religious background to be successful in AA; they only need the belief in a power higher than themselves." (Thompson, 2015)
Addiction PaperDiana KuykendallPsych 305 B058ConclusionAlcoholism has been and is still a main concern of individuals today. It can happen to anyone,whether they are young or old. There are preventative measures that can be applied early in life to help decrease the existence of this problem. There are many different ways society can be of