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- Convince the enemy that accepting our terms will be less painful than continuing to resist.3.2.MEANS OF WAR AND THE SPECTRUM OF CONFLICTAt one end of the conflict spectrum are actions referred to as stability operations, which encompassthe use of a broad range of military capabilities to deter war, resolve conflict, promote peace, and
support civil authorities. At the other end of the spectrum is general war, a large-scale, sustained combat operation such as global conflict between major powers. Stability OperationsStability operations are various military missions, tasks, and activities conducted outside the U.S. in coordination with other instruments of national power to maintain or reestablish a safe and secure environment, provide essential governmental services, emergency infrastructure reconstruction, and humanitarian relief. Stability operations are more probable than a major regional conflict or general war. Most politicalgroups simply do not possess the military means to wage war at the high end of the spectrum. General WarThis is a large-scale, sustained combat operation such as global conflict between major powers.Policy objectives, available military means, national will, and density of fighting forces or combat power on the battlefield are some of the factors that determine where conflicts fall on the spectrum. In general, the greater this density, the more intense the conflict. Each conflict is not uniformly intense. As a result, we may witness relatively intense actions within a stability operation or relatively quiet sectors or phases in a major regional conflict or general war. 3.3.LEVELS OF WARThe distinctions between levels of war rarely show clear delineation in practice. • Usually there's an overlap in the three levels of war. • One commander may have responsibilities at more than one level. -This will likely be the case in large-scale, conventional conflicts involving large military formations and multiple theaters. • There are fairly distinct strategic, operational, and tactical domains. -Most Marines will find their activities focused at the tactical level.• In some cases, the levels of war may compress so that there is significant overlap. Strategic Level of WarThis is the highest level of war. At the strategic level, activities focus directly on policy objectives.Strategy applies to peace as well as war. We distinguish between national strategy, which coordinates and focuses all the elements of national power to attain the policy objectives, and military strategy, which is the application of military force to secure policy objectives. Thus, military strategy is subordinate to national strategy. Military strategy: • Is the art of winning wars and securing peace. • Involves establishing goals, assigning forces, providing assets, and imposing conditions onthe use of force in theaters of war.