Knowledge is produced by additive body of evidence Depends on authenticity – faithful reconstruction of participants’ perspectives
Extension Design components that affect extension Researcher role – what is level of involvement and what are researcher qualifications? Informant selection – what is the rationale for selecting participants? Social context – what are the physical, social, interpersonal, and functional aspects of the data collection site? Data analysis strategies – how was the data analysis conducted? Authentic narrative – are sufficient details included in the narrative to recreate the story of the research?
Extension Design components that affect extension Typicality – how similar or different is this site, group, or individual to other comparable units? Analytical premises – what is the initial theoretical framework for the study? Alternative explanations – does the data suggest alternatives to the dominant emerging patterns?
Ethics Qualitative research may lead to ethical dilemmas due to the reciprocal and trusting nature of relationships formed Qualitative researchers continually negotiate ethics during the research process Informed consent – dialogue about expectations Confidentiality and anonymity – protection through pseudonyms and other techniques Privacy – use of findings may constitute betrayal Fairness – consideration of harm must be part of researcher decision process
Evaluating Qualitative Studies The researcher’s background, interests, and potential bias should be clear Conceptual and/or theoretical frameworks for the study should be clear The method for selecting participants should be clear The level of the researcher’s involvement in the setting should be indicated The researcher should be trained in data collection procedures
Evaluating Qualitative Studies Credibility of the research should be addressed Descriptive data should be separated from the interpretations of the data The researcher should use multiple methods of data collection The duration of the study must be long enough See pp. 339‐340 for additional tips
Qualitative Data Collection
Learning Objectives Different types of qualitative designs Observations Interviews Document and artifact collection Field observations and other techniques
Choosing Data Collection Techniques As with quantitative research, your choice of data collection technique is driven by your research topic and study design Types of research designs/traditions: Ethnography Case study Phenomenological Grounded theory Critical study
Ethnography This study examines the beliefs and practices of second grade teachers related to their approach to teaching How do peer groups influence student engagement in learning?
- Fall '19
- Qualitative Research, researcher, Beliefs, Collect data