Converts gtp to gdp and atp so that gtp is just as

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10. _________________ converts GTP to GDP and ATP so that GTP is just as useful as ATP as a source of energy.
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11. The F 0 F 1 complex(ATP synthase) has an α/ subunit that has ___________ ϐ conformations, such that every time the C subunit of the complex rotates 120 degrees counterclockwise, each of the α/ subunits change conformations. ϐ 12. In the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex,________________ reoxidizes lipoic acid by convertin the cofactor into FADH 2 by NAD + . 13. Draw the TCA cycle. Indicate the products reduced and/or oxidized from the cycle. Include the PDH and the steps where NADH is generated. 14. FADH 2 is converted back to FAD when Q is _____________ to QH 2 . 15. Write the general equation for the Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. 16. Write the equation for oxidative phosphoration. 17. Oxidative phosphorylation is: Spontaneous non-spontaneous 18. Which of the following complexes of the electron transfer chain does not pump protons from the mitochondrial matrix to the intermembrane space? A) Complex III B) Complex II C) Complex I D) Complex IV E) Complex V 19. Draw the malate-aspartate shuttle. Indicate the cytosol and matrix. Make sure to indicate NADH, NAD + , and the intermediates involved in the shuttle. 20. The reaction of semiubiquinone with oxygen in the electron chain produces superoxide anion O 2 - . Cells protect themselves from reactive oxygen species(ROS) like superoxide by:
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