During this stage the child's muscle and cognitive systems are maturing and hence it is becoming more mobile
thus expanding its range of experiences and choices. The child begins to see itself as independent in thinking
and hence develops a sense of autonomy. Consequently it wants to do things by itself. If the child is allowed to
exercise its newfound skills under careful supervision a sense of autonomy develops.
However if the child is rebuked, or denied the opportunity to exercise the new found skills, it becomes doubtful,
and ashamed of its activities.
3. Initiative vs. Guilt (3 - 7 years)
In this stage, the child's development is proceeding at a rapid pace physically, intellectually and socially and so
it is keen to try new skills to achieve all sorts of new goals. If the child is allowed (encouraged) to ask questions
and express its natural curiosity and if it is given the freedom to exercise other skills, his initiative will be