This film is a remarkably successful experiment in blending these two art forms, opera and cinema. But it still requires an extra level of suspension of disbelief. Opera is a magical world in which people don’t just speak, they sing. And all of life is a song. Verdi’s music conveys thatmagic, along with the Italian love of singing. And this production is visually stunning in its beauty and detail.We’ll watch the opening twenty-one minutes of La Traviata without subtitles. It’s not too hardto follow, and this is an extraordinarily rich viewing experience. Enjoy!SummaryIn this lesson, we continued our exploration of the Romantic era, moving to the mid-nineteenth century and later. We saw and heard video-recorded performances of solo piano works by two of the great GermanRomantic composers, Robert Schumann and Johannes Brahms, as well as a scherzo for violin and piano by Brahms. We returned to Italian opera with a consideration of one of the many magnificent works by the greatest Italian composer of opera, Giuseppe Verdi.Robert Schumann (1 810-1 856) was a pivotal figure in the Romantic era; he was known both as composer and music critic. Of special importance was Schumann’s relationship with Johannes Brahms. In1 853, a young Brahms traveled from his hometown of Hamburg to Dusseldorf to introduce himself to Schumann. Brahms’ reception in the Schumann household would have lasting significance for his life and art.Johannes Brahms (1 833-1 897) was one of the great figures of the late Romantic era. His four symphonies continued the line of Romantic Austro-German orchestral music established by Beethoven. His miniature works bear the influence of Schumann, and all his mature music is distiguished by the incorporation of elements of folk music and dance rhythms. With his adherence to the principles of classical form, Brahms was widely viewed as one of the representatives of the “conservative” branch of late Romanticism. Paradoxically, his textural clarity and procedures of motivic transformation became highly influential among the generationof post-Romantic composers who would explore musical modernism.