What were the justifications for american slavery 1

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What were the “Justifications” for American slavery?
The Changing Institution of Slavery What were the reasons for the growth of slavery?
-started because the “Alabama fever” -moved about 1 million slaves from Maryland, Virginia, and south Carolina to Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas and Texas for cotton -some journeyed by sea but most people walked -the trip took almost seven weeks -one of the worst threats an eastern slaveholder held over his slaves was of being “sold down the river” How did the Institution of slavery change from 1789 to 1860? What were the reasons for its growth? 1. Slavery in 1789 was performed on a much smaller scale than slavery in 1860 2. In 1789, slavery was practiced in eleven out of thirteen states. Most societies were not dependent on slavery as a function. Slave population was about 700,000 3. In 1831, slavery was practiced in 12 southern states. Most slaves were engaged in cotton production in the Deep south. Number of slaves had risen to about 2 million 4. In 1860, slavery was practiced in 15 states. Number of slaves increased to 4 million The Slave south Slaves worked in one of four systems 1. Domestic work – cooking, laundry, housekeeping, childcare 2. Artisan labor – factory work 3. Task system – sugar, tobacco and rice 4. Gang labor- cotton Artisan labor -skilled laborers -urban slaves -craftsman, sailors, valets, and domestic servants -enjoyed greater freedom in their work than slaves who worked in agriculture - Frederick Douglass, one of the most outspoken proponents of abolition of slavery during the 1840’s and 50’s, was an artisan slave in Baltimore Task system -slaves were assigned a specific task to complete before their work ended for the day -allowed for specialization in labor -allowed slaves to have some free time once they completed their tasks -chesapeake, task system centered on tobacco -south Carolina, rice -Lousiana, sugar - sugar production was labor intensive and dangerous. Death rate was high because of the unhealthy living conditions in swampy areas.
Gang laborers on cotton plantations -most often in the Deep south -most labor intensive of all the work systems -most slaves worked in groups until the workday was over. Not able to quit until their tasks were completed -very little time to work on anything personal -cotton production was the most significant factor in the growth of slavery Black institutions and the slave community What were the conditions of slavery in the south?

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