Internet the global network of interlinked computers

This preview shows page 10 - 13 out of 73 pages.

Internet – the global network of interlinked computers.
Information – a set of data, facts, numbers, and words that has been organized in such a way that they provide their user with knowledge. Knowledge – what a person perceives, recognizes, identifies, or discovers from analyzing data and information. Learning – the result of acquiring more and better information and knowledge is learning. Information Technology (IT) – is the many different kinds of computer and communication hardware and software and the skills of their designers, programmers, managers, and technicians. It is used to acquire, define, input, arrange, organize, manipulate, store, and transmit facts, data, and information to create knowledge and promote organizational learning. Organizational Learning – occurs when its members can manage information and knowledge achieve a better fit between the organization and its environment. Intranets – a network of information technology linkages inside an organization and connects all its members. Creativity is the generation of novel and useful ideas; one of its outcomes is Innovation , an organization’s ability to make new or improved goods and services or improvements in the way they are produced. Challenge 4: Shifting Work and Employment Relationships Downsizing – the process by which organizations lay off managers and workers to reduce costs. Empowerment – the process of giving employees throughout an organization the authority to make important decisions and to be responsible for their outcomes. Contingent Workers – People employed for temporary periods by an organization and who receive no benefits such as health insurance or pensions. They cost less to employ since they don’t receive benefits. They are easy to let go when their services are no longer needed. Outsourcing – moving a specific type of work activity, process, job, or function that was performed inside an organization to outside, where it is carried out by another person or company. Freelancers – independent specialists who contract with an organization to perform specific tasks. Summary: Pages 27-28 Chapter 2 (Individuals in Organizations) Individual Differences – the ways in which people differ from each other. Personality – the pattern of relatively enduring ways that a person feels, thinks, and behaves. Determinants of Personality:
Nature – biological heritage, genetic makeup Nurture – life experiences Attraction-Selection-Attrition (ASA) Framework – the idea that an organization attracts and selects individuals with similar personalities and loses individuals with other types of personalities (attrition). The Big Five Model of Personality Trait – a specific component of personality that describes the particular tendencies a person has to feel, think, and act in certain ways.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture