LIN200 Week 14 Day 1 - Asian Languages (Internal structure)

Variations of a phoneme(depending on where they

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Unformatted text preview: : variations of a phoneme (depending on where they appear) i.e. [m], [n], [N] - phonemes in English - allophones of [N] in Japanese Phonemes vs Allophones Allophones : variations of a sound i.e. p ray [p h ] vs s p ray [p] t rain [t h ] vs s t range [t] c ream [k h ] vs s c ream [k] Phoneme : distinctive phonological unit i.e. Korean / pAl / foot / pHAl / arm / p'Al / suck / tAl / moon / tHAl / mask / t'Al / daughter / kAl / grind / kHal / knife / k'Al / spread Assimilation Patterns Korean does not have these sounds: /f, v, , , z/ Substitution of sounds is expected in borrowing. co ff ee: /f/ /p h / v ase: /v/ /p/ th ing: // /s/ or /t/ th is: // /t/ z ero: /z/ / dZ / 32 Syllable Structure The syllable structure of Korean is of the form (C)V(C) , where C stands for a consonant, V a vowel, and parentheses the optionality of the occurrence. In borrowing, any consonant cluster in a syllable of the source word has to be broken by an intervening vowel / / , the most neutral vowel in Korean: i.e. kolpH golf s tHEmph stamp s tH raikH strike k H ris mas Christmas 33...
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variations of a phoneme(depending on where they appear...

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