650 chapter 25 sexually transmitted infections and

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650 Chapter 25 Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV/AIDS HS_HEALTH_U08_C25_L1 12/8/03 5:34 PM Page 650
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Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 1. Identify three reasons why teens are at high risk for getting an STD. 2. Explain the relationship between alcohol and other drugs and substances used by adolescents and the role these substances play in unsafe situations such as HIV/STDs. 3. How are refusal skills related to STD prevention? Thinking Critically 4. Analyzing. Analyze, discuss, and communicate the importance and benefits of abstinence as it relates to the prevention of STDs. 5. Evaluating. Explain and discuss why abstinence from sexual activity is the only method that is 100 percent effective in preventing STDs. W E B S I T E S Use the article you wrote as the basis for a Web page. See health.glencoe.com for help in planning and building your own Web site. Lesson 1 The Risks of STIs 651 abstinence For more information on abstinence, see Chapter 12, page 318. Some STDs can cause complications that affect the ability to reproduce. Females can develop pelvic inflam- matory disease (PID), which damages reproductive organs and can cause sterility. Some STDs can be passed from an infected female to her child before, during, or after birth. STDs can damage the bones, nervous system, and brain of a fetus. Premature births can result, and infants infected with STDs at delivery may become blind or develop pneumonia and some may die. The Importance and Benefits of Abstinence You may have experienced how an action that has a result demonstrates a cause-and-effect relationship. Touching a hot stove, for example, is the cause of sustaining a burn, which is the result. A clear cause-and-effect relationship exists between sexual inter- course in any form and sexually transmitted infection. If you have sexual contact with an infected person, you put yourself at risk of being infected with an STD. Sexual activity is the cause—an STD is the effect. Prevent exposure to STDs by practicing the deliberate decision to avoid harmful behaviors, including sexual activity before mar- riage and the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs. Use refusal skills to avoid situations in which you may be at risk. Choose friends who are abstinent and who support your decision to abstain. abstinence health.glencoe.com Applying Health Skills Advocacy. Write an article for your school newspaper to inform students about the STD epidemic. Include the negative conse- quences that can affect a person’s life, as well as strategies related to the prevention of STDs that you have developed and analyzed. TOPIC Hepatitis B Go to health.glencoe.com for Health Updates on hepatitis B. ACTIVITY Using the informa- tion found in these articles, find the facts about the rise in hepatitis B infection. Share your findings with the class.
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VOCABULARY human papillomavirus (HPV) chlamydia genital herpes gonorrhea trichomoniasis syphilis Common STIs YOU’LL LEARN TO Identify symptoms and treatments for some common STDs.
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