produced fake membership forms to blackmail clase media - August 1896: • Teodoro Patino • Apolinario de la Cruz • ^ had a conflict; were members of Diario de Manila • Honoria Patino encouraged Teodoro to talk to Sor Teresa (convent) -> confession to Fr. Mariano Gil -> Gov. Gen. Ramon Blanco found out about KKK - Gov. Gen. Ramon Blanco raids Diario de Manila, found Emilio Jacinto’s fake documens - Cry of Pugadlawin : start of PH revolution - Battle of Pasong Tamo (first battle) - Ramon Blanco’s 48 hour Ultimatum • Pio Valenzuela surrenders • 8 provinces were put under Martial Law (Batangas, Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, Manila, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac) • Jose Rizal’s execution; execution of Trece Martires in Cavite - Fights focused in Morong (led by Bonifacio); Bulacan (Bonifacio) and Cavite (Aguinaldo) - Cavite – successful military campaigns • Magdalo (Baldomero Aguinaldo; Cavite el Viejo) • Magdiwang (Mariano Alvarez; Noveleta) - Conflict in Cavite: Magdalo wanted a new political government; Magdiwang leader Alvarez had an affinity with Bonifacio - December 31, 1896: Imus Assembly - March 22, 1897: Tejeros Convention • President: Aguinaldo (elected: Bonifacio, Mariano Trias) • V.P.: Mariano Trias
• Captain-General: Emiliano Regio de Dios • Director of War: Artemio Ricarte • Director of the Interior: Andres Bonifacio - Daniel Tirona: challenged Bonifacio’s eligibility for position (Director of the Interior should be a lawyer) - March 23, 1897: Acta de Tejeros - Naic Military Agreement: Aguinaldo declares Bonifacio’s rejection of the Cavite Government as treason - May 10, 1897: Consejo de Guerra declares death penalty to Bonifacio for treason • Pio del Pilar • Mariano Noriel - Gov. Gen. Fernando Primo de Rivera: Cavite regained by Spaniards - Aguinaldo: Talisay; Batangas - Aguinaldo: San Rafael, Bulacan - Nov. 1, 1897: Republic of Biak- na-Bato - August – December 1897: Pedro Paterno (middle-man of Primo de Rivera and Aguinaldo) – Truce of Biak-na-Bato - TRUCE OF BIAK NA BATO : • Aguinaldo will be sent to HK • 400,000 – upon departure to HK • 200,000 – in exchange for 700 weapons • 200,000 – once amnesty is given from Spain • 900,000 – for civilians - Tarlac: Francisco Macabulos (did not accept the truce of Biak na Bato) - December 27, 1897: end of first phase of revolution SECOND PHASE OF PHILIPPINE REVOLUTION - January 1898 - Acc to Teodoro Agoncillo: February 1898 - Spanish: preoccupied with the Philippine Revolution and Cuban War of Independence - Cuba: open to world trade in 19 th century; primary export: tabacco - Feb 15, 1898: bombing of U.S.S. Maine in Cuba (260 casualties) - April 25, 1898: U.S. Declaration of War vs. Spanish - Isabelo Artacho: demands Aguinaldo in HK - April 23, 1898: Aguinaldo in SG • Edward Spencer Pratt , American consul, offered help to the PH • Told Aguinaldo to go back to HK and talk to U.S. Asiatic Squadron: Commodore George Dewey • No formal documents - April 26, 1898: • Dewey leaves HK • Rousenville Wildman : told Aguinaldo to establish a dictatorial government (consolidate revolutionary forces); promised weapons from USA - May 1, 1898 : Dewey Arrives in the Philippines; Battle of Manila Bay • U.S. – George Dewey
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 11 pages?
- Spring '00