In fy 2002 eda certified 170 firms under the taa

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In FY 2002, EDA certified 170 firms under the TAA programme and provided US$10.5 million in funding to the TAACs. 202 Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance [online]. Available at: http://www.cfda.gov/default.htm. 203 A review of the tax incentives provided by states is contained in New York State Department of Taxation and Finance (1996), p. 16. 204 Public Law 107-210, 116 STAT. 933, available online at: http://www.tpa.gov/ pl107_210.pdf (see Chapter II for information on the Trade Act of 2002). 205 Information on trade adjustment for farmers is available online at: http://www.doleta.gov/tradeact.
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United States WT/TPR/S/126 Page 82 (iii) Government procurement (a) Overview 1. In 2002 the value of U.S. government consumption expenditure and gross investment was US$1.98 trillion, or some 19% of GDP, up from 17.5% of GDP in 2000. At the federal level, defence consumption expenditure on goods and services totalled US$390 billion in 2002; non-defence expenditure totalled US$200 billion at the federal level and US$1.04 trillion at the state and local level. Gross investment expenditure (structures and equipment) totalled US$108 billion for the Federal Government and US$244 billion for state and local governments. 206 2. The United States is a party to the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA). In January 2002, the United States submitted to the WTO the statistical information required under Article XIX:5 of the Government Procurement Agreement for the year 1999. The submission reported 56,598 contracts with a value of more than US$205 billion. 207 3. The authorities noted that one important trend in the United States procurement market is the substantial shift from the purchase of goods to the purchase of services. Supplies and equipment decreased from 56% of contracting dollars in 1985 to 35% in 1999, while services increased from 23% of contracting dollars to 43% over the same time frame. This trend is partly the result of outsourcing as well as a shift in the needs of the Federal Government. 4. For more recent figures, the United States' Federal Procurement Data System publishes an annual report with "snapshot" statistics on the procurement activities of over 60 agencies. 208 In FY 2002, the total procurement of these agencies was US$234.9 billion, of which some 67% from the Department of Defense. 209 In value terms, almost 23% of the contracts reported were awarded to small businesses; about a third of these were to small disadvantaged businesses. 210 Procurement by U.S. agencies outside the United States totalled US$11 billion, of which some 44% in Asia and 38% in Europe. Among the 100 top federal contractors, the vast majority are U.S. and large multinational companies. (b) Institutional and legal framework 1. U.S. procurement legislation has been notified to the WTO. 211 The GPA is implemented in U.S. law at the federal level primarily through the Trade Agreements Act of 1979, as amended. There are also laws and regulations at the state level for the implementation of the GPA in each of the 37 States listed in Annex 2 of the United States' GPA Schedule.
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