Eventually tyranny ended o reforms of cleisthenes

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Eventually tyranny endedoReforms of CleisthenesCreated Council of Five HundredResponsible for administration of both foreign & financial affairsAssembly of male citizens had final say on passing lawsFoundation of democracyForeign Influence on Early Greek CultureoAs Greeks moved out into eastern Mediterranean, came into contact w/ older civilizationsNew gods, goddesses, mythsPottery using new motifsGreek sculpture influenced by Egypt (kouros figures)Greek alphabet, thanks to Phoenicians writing systemPoetry, commercial transactions, record laws, philosophical treatises2. Persian Wars, 499-479BC Focus Question: What effect did the two great conflicts of the fifth century-the Persian Wars and the Peloponnesian War-have on Greek civilization?
oHoplite armor:Iron armor. Persians in t-shirts, felt caps and wooden shields.Darius I upset because others may follow and rebel.-Decides to crush Athens and conquer all of Greece one day. – not for 10 years.During those ten years: Helps Greek cause.-Darius I replaced by son, Xerxes 486BCwho is not a great military strategist – mistakes.480BC: ready to march into battle vs scared Greeks.-200,000 men at Xerxes’ side. + Navy 600 ships. Both biggest at the time.-Greeks sent spies into Xerxes’ camp and he gave them a tour thinking they’d flee.oGreeks help Athens. Formation of Hellenic League 480BCHellenic League 480BC– military alliance of Greek states formed to stop the military of Persia. 40,000 hoplites. 400 ships.

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