concluded that colonists were unable and unwilling to defend the British empire

Concluded that colonists were unable and unwilling to

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concluded that colonists were unable and unwilling to defend the British empire xi. Colonial view 1. felt that British troops and leadership were bad, unsuited to America’s terrain 2. resented and resisted impressment (forcible enlistment of colonists) and seizure of supplies and equipment without compensation; forced Pitt to loosen his policies 3. believed that English should not interfere in local affairs 4. proud of their military successes xii. Indians 1. those who had allied with French earned enmity of English 2. the Iroquois had been passive, so the English thought they were duplicitous c. Reorganization of the British Empire i. Before: salutary neglect - policy of little direct control over colonies 1. purposely refrained from strictly enforcing mercantilism to improve the economy and to maintain support from merchants and landowners 2. decentralized and inefficient administration b/c there was no agency devoted to colonial administration 3. Royal officials were inept and easily bribed 4. by the 1750s, American assemblies had claimed the right to levy taxes, make appropriations, approve appointments, and pass laws ii. salutary neglect replaced with forceful policies 1. British troops permanently stationed in America 2. ships watched for smugglers iii. shifted the burden of paying heavy taxes to pay for the wars from the British landowners to the American colonies iv. Pontiac’s rebellion 1. Native Americans angered by increased British expansion and refusal to offer gifts like the French
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Period 3 Notes 2. British sent regular troops rather than trusting the colonial forces v. Proclamation of 1763 1. to stabilize the western frontier with the natives, proclamation prohibited colonists from settling west of the Appalachians 2. prevent conflict with natives which were military costly and dangerous to track 3. to slow population exodus from the coastal colonies, where England’s most important markets and investments were 4. colonists felt that they were denied benefits that they had fought for and defied the prohibition, so the Proclamation was ineffective 2. British Actions and Colonial a. British believed their actions were justified to protect its colonial empire and to make colonies pay their share of costs for such protection b. Colonists believed that they were threats to cherished liberties and practice of representative government c. Colonial Resistance to Colonial Taxes i. Paxton Boys - felt underrepresented in colonial governments and protested colonial taxes, also demanded money for defense against the Indians ii. Regulator movement - underrepresented in colonial assembly of Carolina who began to resist tax collections by force 1. there was bloodshed d. New Revenues and Regulations i. Lord George Grenville, King George III’s chancellor of the treasury and prime minister, supported these measures ii. everyone protested them: 1. Northern merchants felt it restrained their commerce because fewer opportunities for manufacturing and increased burden of taxation 2.
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