●Desperate for escape some Jews visas were forged documents or sold illegally●May 27, 1939○SS St. Louis enters Havana Harbor with _930 Jewish refugees_■Many hoped to come to the US○Had certificates improperly issued by Cuba’s director of immigration■Cuban government revoke the _refugees come ashore_○Waited for days circling off coast of Florida waiting for permission to dock in US○Denied permission and turned back to Europe on_June 6th_○Some disembarked in Great Britain, others in _France, Holland, and Belgium_○_Many from on board did in the Final solution_
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Concentration Camps●First concentration camps established in 1933 to jail political opponents●Buchenwald one of the first and largest concentration camp in 1937○_200,000 prisoners worked 12 hour shifts_ as slave laborers○Had no gas chambers but hundreds died every monthThe Final Solution●Wannsee Conference○January _20, 1942_○Determine a _“final solution of the jewish question” _○Nazi’s made plans to _round up Jews_from Nazi-controlled Europe and take to _detention centers_○Healthy laborers would work as slave until the dropped of _exhaustion, disease or malnutrition_○Elderly, infirm and young children would be sent to _extermination centers_Extermination Camps●Most located in Poland●Treblinka and Auschwitz●Auschwitz○Housed _100,000 people in 300 prison barracks_○Gas Chambers were built to kill 2,000 people at a time○Sometimes gassed _12,000_ people a day○_1,300,000 of 1,600,000_were Jews
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