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because he was a native to Rambia and he was certain that he was safe regardless of where he lived. He felt as though he was being insulted by being asked to live in a much safer neighborhood because the slums were considered to be unseemly and inappropriate for NewComemployees. Weston also brought up the fact that Mutambara’s receipts and itemized expenses had been falsified to which he agreed. In Rambia, falsifying such expenses was considered to becommon practice. As the conversation between Weston and Mutambara continued, Mutambara agitated and at distress when he finally told Weston that his family, immediate and extended, expects him to save his money so that he can help pay for the education of his eight nieces and nephews. Mutambara also states that he owes it to his family to ensure that his nieces and nephews have the same fortunate situation that he was given and, in fact, that he would be frowned upon by his family for choosing to live elsewhere.In the case of The Housing Allowance, the perplexity of what occurred between Mutambara and his employer, NewCom, sheds enlightenment of virtue ethics from both points ofview. Virtue ethics, as explained previously, does not have any rules that individuals should follow. Instead, it focuses on helping individuals develop ethical traits. Virtue ethics does not have a general agreement on what virtues are but they are surely relative to the culture that one identifies with. For example, Mutambara falsified his itemized expenses each month to his employer in order to collect the full amount of $2,000 per month. He used these funds to help pay for his eight nieces and nephews to go to school. While fraud is acceptable in Rambia and this is the culture that Mutambara identifies with, his actions under virtue ethics were just because he portrayed traits of being unselfish, kind, and with good intentions. NewCom’s point 7
Hagopianof view is the complete opposite. In the United States, fraud is absolutely unethical. People serve time for committing such acts and in NewCom’s eyes, Mutambara’s actions were unethical. Under virtue ethics, it is expressed that we, as individuals, have multiple selves. The multiple selves display actions depending on what situation we are being presented with. The difference in the culture in Rambia versus the United States are on opposite sides of the spectrumbut for NewCom, prior to expansion, should have done some research about the cultures in the countries that they were planting foot in yet Mutambara should have understood what behaviors and actions are expected of him while working for a United States based company.The fourth case study is Enronwhich is a company in the energy industry. Enron was thefifth largest company in the United States. The company started out as a regional gas pipeline trader and later became the largest energy trader in the world but eventually had to file for bankruptcy. Enron accumulated debt in which off-the-books partnerships were created by its investment bankers, accountants, and others to hide the debt.