bile is the product of the breakdown of a number of cells especially red blood

Bile is the product of the breakdown of a number of

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bile is the product of the breakdown of a number of cells, especially red blood cells. Its pigment comes from pigments of blood cells made by the liver. The combination of the fat and bile make fat droplets. The fat droplets, in turn, must be acted upon by lipase (we have three sources – mouth, pancreas, and lining of small intestine). If this is successful, we will produce fatty acids and glycerol. Digestion is finished. The fatty acids and glycerol cannot get into the lining cell without special help. These molecules (fatty acids and glycerol) will be picked up by a bile salt. The bile salt, in conjunction with the fatty acids and glycerol, will form an entity called a micelle. The micelle is now capable of going into the lining cell and the bile salt will drop off the fatty acid and glycerol. This cell has a special ability – it can take the fatty acid and glycerol and reconstitute it into the fat it was before. It encapsulates the fat with a very thin film of protein – called a chylomicron. It needs a protein around it to be carried. The chylomicron can now go out the bottom portion of the cell and make it into the lacteal. The lacteal will drop it and put it into the cardiovascular system and make its way to
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the liver. some special structures in the small intestine that belong to they lympathic system, called lacteals lacteals are capillaries in the digestive system that picks up fats and eventually joins the circulation system and dumps the fat into the blood vessel system lymphatic system is a system of vessels that accompany the cardiovascular vessels and they carry lymph , which have molecules absorbed in the lacteal liver is the metabolism capital of your body job is to take the chylomicron and if you have too many chylomicrons, it may put them on the LDLs if you have too many LDLs, you can have high blood pressure and atherosclerosis some of us are fortunate enough to have it make HDLs (which are good) and help pick up bad stuff Large Intestine large intestine is responsible for (or contains): water & electrolyte absorption vitamin synthesis (K & B) packaging of feces no villi haustra & teniae coli mass movement defacation when you are retrieving the nutrients you have eaten and pull it into
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your blood, large quantities of water are coming with it most important place for significant water absorption is usually the small intestine if the mass takes too long to form, too much water and electrolytes may be taken out, causing constipation ileocecal valve is between the small and large intestine and is there so that what is in the large intestine cannot back up when the potential feces exits at the ileocecal valve, it will be congregating around the ascending colon while the potential waste material is sitting here, water is being removed (water moves, following electrolytes, so electrolytes too) in the colon, there is normal flora (E. coli and other bacteria – friendly bacteria if they stay here)
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