Psych Experiment Hours Paper

There are also some disadvantages associated with

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There are also some disadvantages associated with observational psychology. One of the disadvantages is that when the researcher is observing a behavior it can become difficult to determine the origin or exact cause of that behavior. Since the researcher is not able to control every aspect like they would in a laboratory they are not able to exactly determine what caused that behavior due to outside variables. Other limitations associated with naturalistic observation include something called an observer bias, which means that the observer has a tendency to see things that are not present or overanalyze the situation because they are aware that they are looking for something. For example, an observer diagnosing someone with ADD might read more into a child who is doodling,
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when in fact that may help that child focus more. The other affect is called the observer affect, which means that the subject being observed may act differently because they are aware of the observer. For example, a child being diagnosed with ADD may try to pretend to act more focused or more interested if they are aware that they are being observed. Furthermore, since the environment can not be controlled each researcher may interpret behaviors differently leading to many different conclusions to be drawn. Another disadvantage that can greatly affect the outcome of the test is how the results can be verified. This becomes a problem because it is not guaranteed that two different observers will come up with the same notes after observing the same thing. The researcher also could not accurately record the behavior. The only way to avoid this is to have a few different observers who are observing the same test subject. Each researcher has to watch the behavior and separately record what they see. The results from each observer’s notes would then be compared and the reliability of the results would be determined mathematically. Although there are disadvantages associated with observational psychology, the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Data collection is very important to observational psychology. There are three different types of methods that can be used to collect data. The first method is called tally counts. In this method, the observer writes down how many times a behavior occurs in a given amount of time. The second is called observer narratives. When using observer narratives, the observer takes notes during the
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