Bottlenecks Solutions Lack of awareness in all domains Awareness solutions 1. At the destination level, limited awareness about environmental issues amongst stakeholders has been identified; more specifically about water scarcity and energy use. 1. More implementation and promotion of green certification awarding on the island. Increased collaboration of green associations, local media, DASTA and hotels in order to achieve the green image destination Koh Chang. 2. Increase number of organized public meetings/seminars to exchange information about sustainability. 2. Hotel managers perceive tourists as not aware or not willing to participate in environmentally friendly activities carried out during their stay in the hotel. Hotel representatives state that tourists want to consume the hotel resources as much as possible during their holidays in order to justify the money paid for their stay in the hotel. There is a gap between what tourists actually think or do and what the hotels managers think the tourists want/need. 3. Make use of possible research projects findings carried out on the island and elsewhere. Further successes in other destinations could lead to replication on Koh Chang. Increase tourists’ awareness on water saving (by e.g. use of towels, bedsheets, shower), while saving costs for the hotel. 3. The hotel's management level: communication/training within the hotel between staff and management levels about water saving measures and energy efficiency is limited. 4. Lack of information for hotels. 4. Restructure the current management style. Give appropriate training to all staff levels. 5. Create brochures for the hotel management levels (e.g. future- oriented brochures focused on sustainability)
60 Contextual constraints Contextual solutions 5. Insularity costs are too high. Indeed, most of the products (e.g. Food & beverage) and services (e.g. Electricity) are being supplied by mainland operators. 6. Promote locally produced food such as vegetables, seafood/ beverages (e.g. coconuts). Implementation of methods used in Koh Mak to transform waste into energy. 6. High number of low qualified workers causes language barriers and a lack of knowledge about environmental issues. 7. Raising awareness through school programs. 7. Financial and political issues that prevent stakeholders from taking action. Environmental initiatives are at the bottom of the political agenda. 8. Increasing awareness of politics about environmental issues. 8. The government does not intervene in the tourism sector as a guardian of the natural resources and information provider. Lack of involvement and policy frameworks regarding the water supply. 9. Considering the carrying capacity of the Island and limiting the number of tourists to better manage the natural resources. A centrally managed water system on Koh Chang might be an option.
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- Winter '19
- Jane Smith
- Koh Chang