However these efforts have been deterred by factors

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and quality of training for athletes. However, these efforts have been deterred by factors such as overtraining, burnout, illnesses, injuries, and fatigue. Kellmann proposes an intensive research into the topic to address how athletes can avoid overtraining, maximize recovery, and define the fine line between high training and excessive training loads. Another source relevant to the topic is an article by Kreher and Schwartz (2012) which focuses on overtraining syndrome in athletes. The authors acknowledge the fact that fatigue and underperformance are common in athletes, especially those who frequently train. The authors propose that athletes should understand the overtraining syndrome to help them in their evaluation, education, and management. According to Kreher and Schwartz (2012), there are various ways in which an athlete can measure signs of overtraining. One way of doing this is documenting the athlete’s heart rates over time. The athlete could also monitor their aerobic heart rate at specific exercise intensities and speed throughout the training sessions and note them down. When the athlete’s pace begins to slow, his or her resting heart rate increases and he or she experiences other symptoms, then the athlete may be heading into an overtraining syndrome. An athlete can also track their training heart rate every morning of the training period. Any significant increase in the heart rate from the normal may mean that the athlete has not fully recovered.
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HOW MUCH TRAINING IS TOO MUCH? 4 Although there exist numerous ways of testing for overtraining, Kreher and Schwartz (2012) suggest that the most sensitive and accurate measures are psychological signs and symptoms and changes in the mental state of the athlete. Increased negative feelings about sports and decreased positive feelings often result after several sessions of overtraining. Increased negative feelings include irritability, fatigue, anger, and depression. An article by Purvis et al. (2010) is another relevant document that provides insights into the issue of overtraining in athletes. This article focuses on the psychological and physiological fatigue in extreme training conditions in elite athletes. The authors review the relevant markers and mechanisms related to overtraining syndrome. Just like Kreher and Schwartz (2012), Purvis et al., (2010) discuss the signs and symptoms, different ways of diagnosis, and the contemporary assessment techniques and tools for fatigue in the context of overtraining. The authors draw findings from original review articles and research referenced by ScienceDirect and PubMed databases. The authors selected their sources based on their contributions to the contemporary
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  • Spring '16
  • heart rate, Upper respiratory tract infection, Supercompensation, Kreher

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