Chapter 23 Disorders of Ventilation and Gas Exchange Page 595 Question 7 see

Chapter 23 disorders of ventilation and gas exchange

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Chapter 23: Disorders of Ventilation and Gas Exchange - Page 595Question 7:(see full question)A client with hypercapnia needs to increase calorie intake without increasing work of breathing. What menu selection is the best choice?You selected:Pasta with meat sauce, garlic bread, and carrotsIncorrectCorrect response:Chicken salad, refried beans, and guacamoleExplanation:Dietary fat metabolism produces the least amount of carbon dioxide(CO2) in relation to the amount of oxygen used, and supplies 9 calories per gram. Proteins produce more CO2 and s ... (more)Page 243
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Reference:Porth, C. M. Essentials of Pathophysiology: Concepts of Altered Health States, 4th ed., Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2015, p. 585.Chapter 23: Disorders of Ventilation and Gas Exchange - Page 585Question 8:(see full question)Which client is exhibiting signs of advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)? The client who isYou selected:sitting in bed resting elbows on overbed table, expiratory wheezes noted.CorrectExplanation:COPD progresses from relatively mild manifestations in the early stages to severe respiratory impairment where breathing is labored,even at rest. In addition, the expiratory phase ... (more)Reference:Porth, C. M. Essentials of Pathophysiology: Concepts of Altered Health States, 4th ed., Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, p. 581.Chapter 23: Disorders of Ventilation and Gas Exchange - Page 581Question 9:(see full question)Pulmonary hypertension is usually caused by long-term exposure tohypoxemia. When pulmonary vessels are exposed to hypoxemia, what is their response?You selected:Pulmonary vessels constrictPage 244
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CorrectExplanation:Continued exposure of the pulmonary vessels to hypoxemia is a common cause of pulmonary hypertension. Unlike blood vessels in the systemic circulation, most of which dilate i ... (more)Reference:Porth, C. M. Essentials of Pathophysiology: Concepts of Altered Health States, 4th ed., Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2015, Chapter 23: Disorders of Ventilation and Gas Exchange, p. 590.Chapter 23: Disorders of Ventilation and Gas Exchange - Page 590Question 10:(see full question)A pulmonary embolism occurs when there is an obstruction in the pulmonary artery blood flow. Classic signs and symptoms of a pulmonary embolism include dyspnea, chest pain, and increased respiratory rate. What is a classic sign of pulmonary infarction?You selected:Pleuritic painCorrectExplanation:Chest pain, dyspnea, and increased respiratory rate are the most frequent signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary infarction often causes pleuritic pain that chan ... (more)Reference:Porth, C. M. Essentials of Pathophysiology: Concepts of Altered Health States, 4th ed., Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2015, Chapter 23: Disorders of Ventilation and Gas Exchange, p. 589.
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