20. Matrix management violates the management principle of ________. 21. The ________ matrix form of project organization is likely to improve technical quality as well as provide a better system for managing conflict across projects because the functional manager assigns personnel to different projects. 22. The ________ matrix form of project organization can achieve better equilibrium between technical and project requirements, but it is a very delicate system to create and manage. 23. A selective outline of the project that ensures the identification of all tasks and an understanding of what is to be done is called a _______________. 24. The first step in planning any project is to ________. 25. The primary purpose of the first step of defining a project is to identify the ________ for the end user and to focus project plans. 26. Significant events in a project that occur at a specific point in time, are natural control points, and are easily recognized by project participants are known as ___________. 27. The need for a computer to function in countries having different electrical systems is an example of a ________. 28. The output of assigning specific work packages to a particular group or department within the organization is called ________. 29. An OBS and WBS intersect at the ________ level. 30. Estimates that are typically based on estimates of elements found in the work breakdown structure are called ________ estimates. 31. Estimates that are usually derived from analogy or mathematical relationships are called ________ estimates. 32. The tendency to over-estimate project time and cost in order to improve the likelihood of meeting the estimates is known as the ________ factor. 2
33. Given that a project closely follows past projects in features and costs, the ________ method of assigns costs and times to particular phases that a project will go through. 34. The ________ method for estimating project time and cost uses weighted variables based on major parameters and is frequently used in the development of software. 35. The salary of the project manager and temporary rental space for the project team would be classified as ________ costs. 36. Estimates should be made based on ________ conditions, efficient methods, and a normal level of resources. 37. A(n) ________ is an element in the project that consumes time. 38. A ________ is an activity that has more than one predecessor. 39. In a ________, the delaying of any activity will delay the completion of the project by the same amount.
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